Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Before any project or activity that may have significant impacts on environment as well as on social conditionsis can be carried out, it must undergo an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The EIA needs to identify the potential environmental and social impacts of that particular activity and to provide mechanism to minimize those impacts.

Who undertakes an EIA in Zanzibar?

According to the Zanzibar Environmental Management Act No 3 of 2015, an EIA must be carried out by a recognized experts or firms, authorised to conduct an EIA in Zanzibar. The firm or an expert is required to fill in registration to apply for recognition by the Zanzibar Environmental Management Authority (ZEMA).

Procedures in conducting an EIA

A proponent shall fill in EIA Registration form and submit to ZEMA with written notification on the name of the expert/firm selected to prepare the EIA for his or her project.


The selected EIA expert/firm shall prepare the ESIA report based on the General Terms of Reference (ToR) for conducting ESIA in Zanzibar and submit to ZEMA the final ESIA report in soft and original hard copies as indicated in the General Terms of Reference for review process

  1. Upon receiving ESIA and payment of review fee, the authority shall identify the relevant stakeholder to be involved in the review process, circulate the ESIA report to the identified relevant stakeholders, organize site verification visit to the relevant activity area and conduct review meeting.  The outcome of the review could be EIA approval, EIA rejection or a request for further information. In case the ESIA report is accepted, the EIA certificate will be issued, with conditions attached. The certificate will be valid for five years.


This is conducted by ZEMA in order to ensure compliance and adherence to the approved environmental and social management plan, and to make sure the conditions attached with EIA certificate are fully complied with.