An Environmental Audit shall be undertaken for any activity or project which is operating without an Environmental Impact Assessment Certificate and is likely to have significant impacts on the environment and society; or for an activity or project which has been operating with an Environmental Impact Assessment Certificate for a period of five years from the date of commencement of the operation phase.
Who undertakes an Environmental Audit in Zanzibar?
According to the Zanzibar Environmental Management Act No 3 of 2015, an Environmental Audit must be carried out by recognized experts or firms. The firm or expert is required to fill in registration to apply for this recognition at the Zanzibar Environmental Management Authority (ZEMA).
Procedure for conducting an EA
A proponent shall fill in EA Registration form and submit to ZEMA with written notification on the name of the expert/firm selected to prepare the EA for his or her project.
The selected EIA expert/firm shall prepare the EA report based on the General Terms of Reference (ToR) for conducting EA in Zanzibar and submit to ZEMA the final EA report in soft and original hard copies as indicated in the General Terms of Reference for review process.
Upon receiving EA and payment of review fee, the authority shall identify the relevant stakeholder to be involved in the review process, circulate the EA report to the identified relevant stakeholders, organize site verification visit to the relevant activity area and conduct review meeting. The outcome of the review could be EA approval, EA rejection or a request for further information. In case the EA report is accepted, the EA certificate will be issued, with conditions attached. The certificate will be valid for five years.
This is conducted by ZEMA in order to ensure compliance and adherence to the approved environmental and social management plan, and to make sure the conditions attached with EA certificate are fully complied with.