Environmental Certification

An Environmental Audit shall be undertaken for any activity or project which is operating without an Environmental Impact Assessment Certificate and is likely to have significant impacts on environment and society; or for an activity or project which has been operating with an Environmental Impact Assessment Certificate for a period of five years from the date of commencement of the operation phase.

Download the full regulation here:

Who undertakes an Environmental Audit in Zanzibar?

According to the Zanzibar Environmental Management Act No 3 of 2015, an Environmental Audit must be carried out by recognized experts or firms. The firm or expert is required to fill in a registration to apply for this recognition at the Zanzibar Environmental Management Authority (ZEMA).

Procedure for conducting an EA

 

  1. Registration and selection of EIA firm or Expert:  A proponent shall fill in EA registration form (,,,,,) and submit to ZEMA with written notification on the name of the expert/firm selected (…..) to prepare the EA for his or her project.
  2. Preparation of the EA Report:  The selected EIA expert/firm shall prepare the EA report based on the General Terms of Reference (ToR) for conducting EA in Zanzibar and submit to ZEMA the final EA report in soft and original hard copies as indicated in the General Terms of Reference for review process.
  3. Review of the EA Report and issuing certificates: Upon receiving EA and payment of review fee, the authority shall identify the relevant stakeholder to be involved in the review process, circulate the EA report to the identified relevant stakeholders, organize site verification visit to the relevant activity area and conduct review meeting.  The outcome of the review could be EA approval, EA rejection or a request for further information. In case the EA report is accepted, the EA certificate will be issued, with conditions attached. The certificate will be valid for five years.
  1. Monitoring the project by ZEMA: This is conducted by ZEMA in order to ensure compliance and adherence to the approved environmental and social management plan, and to make sure the conditions attached with EA certificate are fully complied with.
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Before any proposed project or activity that is expected to have lesser impacts on environment and society is carried out, an Environmental Report (ER) will be prepared for that project.

Read the full regulation here:

Who is preparing an ER in Zanzibar?

Like the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) process, an Environment Report must be prepared by recognized experts or firms who are authorized to conduct an EIA, Environmental Report, Environmental Audit and Pre-Audit in Zanzibar.

Procedures conducting an ER

  1. Registration: A proponent must register his or her project with ZEMA by filling in the registration forms and submitting them together with a bank pay-in-slip for the registration fee. The payment shall be determined by ZEMA, taking into consideration the nature and scale of the project. 
  2. Selecting an expert or firm to conduct Environmental Report: The ZEMA submits to the proponent the list of recognized experts/firm authorised to conduct ER in Zanzibar. From that list, the proponent is supposed to select and make an agreement with one firm to conduct the assessment. Next, the proponent is required to provide written notification to ZEMA on the name of the expert/firm he/she has selected to prepare an ER for the project. 
  3. Preparation of Environmental Report: Once the screening decision is made, the ER will be prepared by the expert or firm selected by the project proponent. During this process, the concerns and comments of affected stakeholders are taken on board. 
  4. Submission of ER to ZEMA: Once the ER study is completed, The proponent, through his/her selected expert or firm, submits 6 hard copies and one soft copy of the report to ZEMA and for reviewing. 
  5. Site verification: This takes place before the review meeting is held. Its objective is to have familiar with project by physically observing the project area and the project proponent will have to pay the fees for site verification as well as for reviewing the documents. 
  6. Review of the ER: The review exercise is carried out by a technical committee, in order to gain the reviewers comments on the evaluation of the strengths and weakness of the ER. 
  7. Decision-making: The outcome of the review could be ER approval, ER disapproval or a request for further information.
  8. Issuing of the Certificate: In case the ER is approved, the Environmental Clearance certificate will be issued, with conditions attached with it. 
  9. Monitoring of the project by ZEMA: This is conducted by ZEMA in order to ensure compliance and adherence to the approved environmental and social management plan, and to make sure the conditions attached to the Environmental Clearance certificate are fully complied with.

 

A Pre-Audit prepared for an on-going or proposed project that is expected to have a lesser level of impacts on environment and society.

Who prepares a Pre-Audit Report in Zanzibar?

Like the Environmental Audit Report (EA), the Pre-Audit Report is prepared by a recognized expert or firm who is authorised to conduct an Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Report and Environmental in Zanzibar.

This figure shows the pre audit process. Note that gray boxes are the responsibility of the proponent, while the green ones are undertaken by ZEMA.

Pre-Audit Procedure

  1. Registration: A proponent must register his or her project with ZEMA by filling in the registration forms and submitting them together with a bank pay-in-slip for registration fee. The payment shall be determined by ZEMA taking into consideration the nature and scale of the project.
  2. Selecting an expert or firm to preared the Pre-Audit: The ZEMA submits to the proponent the list of recognized experts/firm eligible to do this in Zanzibar. From that list, a proponent is supposed to select and make an agreement with one firm to conduct the assessment. Next, a proponent is required to provide written notification to ZEMA on the name of the expert/firm he/she has selected to prepare the Pre-Audit for the activity.
  3. Preparation of Pre-Audit Report: The Pre-Audit Report will be prepared by expert or firm selected by the project proponent. During this process, the concerns and comments of stakeholders are taken on board.
  4. Submission of Pre-Audit Report to ZEMA: Once the Pre-Audit Report study is completed, the proponent, through his/her selected expert or firm, submits 6 hard copies and one soft copy of the report to ZEMA for review.
  5. Site verification: This takes place before the review meeting is held. The objective is to become familiar with the project by physically observing the project area, and to confirm what is written in the report. The project proponent will have to pay the fees for site verification, as well as for reviewing the document.
  6. Review of the Pre-Audit ReportThe review exercise is carried out by selected technical committee in order to gain the reviewer’s comments on evaluation of the strengths and weakness of the Pre-Audit Report.
  7. Decision-making: The outcome of the review could be Pre-Audit Report approval, Pre-Audit rejection or a request for further information.
  8. Issuing of Environmental Clearance Certificate: In case that the Pre-Audit Report is accepted, an Environmental Clearance certificate will be issued with conditions attached with it.
  9. Monitoring the project by ZEMA: This is conducted by ZEMA in order to ensure compliance and adherence to the approved environmental and social management plan, and to make sure the conditions attached to the Environmental Certificate are fully complied with.

Before any project or activity that may have significant impacts on environment as well as on social conditions is can be carried out, it must undergo an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The EIA needs to identify the potential environmental and social impacts of that particular activity and to provide mechanism to minimize those impacts.

Who undertakes an EIA in Zanzibar?

According to the Zanzibar Environmental Management Act No 3 of 2015, an EIA must be carried out by a recognized experts or firms, authorized to conduct an EIA in Zanzibar. The firm or an expert is required to fill in registration to apply for recognition by the Zanzibar Environmental Management Authority (ZEMA).

Procedures in conducting an EIA

  1. Registration and selection of EIA firm or Expert: A proponent shall fill in EIA registration form (,,,,,) and submit to ZEMA with written notification on the name of the expert/firm selected (…..) to prepare the EIA for his or her project.
  2. Preparation of the EIA Report:  The selected EIA expert/firm shall prepare the ESIA report based on the General Terms of Reference (ToR) for conducting ESIA in Zanzibar and submit to ZEMA the final ESIA report in soft and original hard copies as indicated in the General Terms of Reference for review process.
  3. Review of the EIA Report and issuing certificates: Upon receiving ESIA and payment of review fee, the authority shall identify the relevant stakeholder to be involved in the review process, circulate the ESIA report to the identified relevant stakeholders, organize site verification visit to the relevant activity area and conduct review meeting.  The outcome of the review could be EIA approval, EIA rejection or a request for further information. In case the ESIA report is accepted, the EIA certificate will be issued, with conditions attached. The certificate will be valid for five years.
  1. Monitoring the project by ZEMA: This is conducted by ZEMA in order to ensure compliance and adherence to the approved environmental and social management plan, and to make sure the conditions attached with EIA certificate are fully complied with.