Zanzibar Environmental Management Authority by its acronym ZEMA was established under the Zanzibar Environmental Management Act, 2015 aiming at coordinating, regulating, monitoring and supervising the environmental management concerns.

The prime objective which was crucial for the establishment of this Authority was to bring harmony in the management and enforcement of environment in Zanzibar. 

The main pre occupation of ZEMA therefore is enforcement, compliance, review and monitor all environmental activities in Zanzibar.